One of the longquan bowls (11Q1-0002) in my collection is a heavily potted 18 cm bowl with deep rounded side supported on a short straight unglazed foot base, bowl decorated and with lotus and unusual fish motif on the interior , outer wall with clear raised lotus petal motif, bowl covered with deep green glaze.

Bowl is in good condition no chip, no crack, no restoration, fine crackles at glaze surface.

The bowl was attributed to the N. Song period but NK Koh thinks it is more a early Southern Song piece because the carved and combed motif is commonly used during the late Northern Song to Early Southern Song period.  A chart compiled by a Japanese ceramics scholar Mr Yamamoto Nobuo in his article “Shifts in the Use of Zhejiang Green Glazed wares at Dazaifu” in the book “New Light on Chinese Yue and Longquan wares” edited by Chumei Ho.

Fig 8 from Nobuo “Shifts in the Use of Zhejiang Green Glazed wares at Dazaifu"

This bowl can be contrasted with a later 22.8cm lotus bowl attributed to the early Yuan period:

Early Yuan Lotus bowl, ex-Kaikodo, New York

Not the thinner potting, smaller footrim, and glazed foot and base. The high quality of this bowl with the care given such details as the carved lotus petals on the exterior which is in line with Southern Song tasstes, Also note the detailed incised design on the interior, and the careful and complete treatment of the foot and base representative of the Song standards of production at the Longquan kilns.  This approach is also evident in the upper level (phase 5) of kiln debris excavated at the celadon kilns in Shangyanercun, which stylistically correspond to the early 14th century Sinan shipwreck celadons and the celadons that were exported to the Middle East, while similar ceramic remains have also been found at the Yuan dynasty Longquan Dayao kiln.1. For the kiln site material see Kamei Meitoku, “Chronology of Longquan Wares of the Song and Yuan Periods,” in Chuimei Ho, ed., New Light on Chinese Yue and Longquan Wares, Hong Kong, 1994, figs. 15-17, pp. 79-80. For the Longquan celadon lotus bowls with incised interior floral designs in the Topkapi, see Regina Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul: A Complete Catalogue, I: Historical Introductions, Yuan and Ming Dynasty Celadon Wares, London, 1986, pl. 8 (TKS 15/45),  p. 243 and pl. 3 (TKS 15/153), p. 241.

The outer lotus motif is largely patterned like another northern Song bowl  here. (More on the evolution of lotus decoration on bowls: 莲花瓣是宋元时期龙泉青瓷的主要装饰之一。元代初年莲瓣宽矮,系用刀或钳子划出莲瓣边线,制作方便,这种纹饰是元代特有的。随后多数瓣面演变成为狭长,形 似菊瓣。因为它是从南宋时瓣面丰满、瓣脊突起的莲瓣发展而来的,所以人们仍称它为莲瓣纹。元代莲瓣纹有以下几种形式:瓣面平,莲瓣的边线用刀或钳子划成; 两面用刀斜刻成瓣面,中间有瓣脊,多数瓣脊粗细不一,上下不直,刻工粗糙;在一部分盏、洗或盘的内壁用刀自上而下挖成,瓣面上端较宽,没有瓣尖;龙泉溪口 窑生产的用模子制成的瓶、罐的莲瓣纹,莲瓣的边线是细凸线的。这是鉴定宋元龙泉青瓷的主要依据。碗外壁的莲瓣纹长而窄,排列较疏,瓣中间一般无脉线突起, 不同于南宋。盘、碗底足一般挖足较深,有的深过外墙壁,外底足中间刮去一圈釉,露胎泛红,中心有釉。到元代晚期有的底足内全无釉,中心有乳丁状突起.)

More on the evolution of lotus decoration on bowls: 莲花瓣是宋元时期龙泉青瓷的主要装饰之一。元代初年莲瓣宽矮,系用刀或钳子划出莲瓣边线,制作方便,这种纹饰是元代特有的。随后多数瓣面演变成为狭长,形 似菊瓣。因为它是从南宋时瓣面丰满、瓣脊突起的莲瓣发展而来的,所以人们仍称它为莲瓣纹。元代莲瓣纹有以下几种形式:瓣面平,莲瓣的边线用刀或钳子划成; 两面用刀斜刻成瓣面,中间有瓣脊,多数瓣脊粗细不一,上下不直,刻工粗糙;在一部分盏、洗或盘的内壁用刀自上而下挖成,瓣面上端较宽,没有瓣尖;龙泉溪口 窑生产的用模子制成的瓶、罐的莲瓣纹,莲瓣的边线是细凸线的。这是鉴定宋元龙泉青瓷的主要依据。碗外壁的莲瓣纹长而窄,排列较疏,瓣中间一般无脉线突起,不同于南宋。盘、碗底足一般挖足较深,有的深过外墙壁,外底足中间刮去一圈釉,露胎泛红,中心有釉。到元代晚期有的底足内全无釉,中心有乳丁状突起

Compare with various similar carved celadon ware of the late Song to early Ming era:

17.8, 19cm and 18.2cm from the Falk Collection. Christie's Sale 9824, 2001

20.8cm bluish-green Ming Longquan Sotheby's Sale L08213 GBP 6,250 2008

20.8cm bluish-green Ming Longquan Sotheby's Sale L08213 GBP6,250 2008

 

Southern Longquan celadon bowl 16.5cm. Sotheby's Sale L04210 GBP15,600

21.9cm Ming olive-green "lianzi" bowl Sotheby's L09711 GBP3,750 2009

This is large 23.5cm carved lobed dish, with glazed base with ring for firing, decorated with molded flower spray motif on the center, inner wall with carved flower motif and vertical ribbing suggesting flower petal shape, bracket lobbed rim, dish covered with green glaze. Dish is in good condition with short faint hairline on the rim but no chip, no restoration, and high ping with finger tip. Acquired 2.11 from Pigura (0021)